UK Indefinite Leave To Remain (UK ILR ) vs British Passport in 2024 – British Citizenship New Rules


“UK Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) versus British Passport” explores the differences and advantages of holding ILR status versus a British passport for individuals living in the UK. It provides a clear and detailed comparison to help you understand which option might be best for your situation.

Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR)

Indefinite Leave to Remain, or ILR, is essentially a type of permanent residency available to those who have lived in the UK for a certain period under specific visa categories. It allows you to stay in the UK indefinitely without needing to renew your visa regularly. To qualify for ILR, you must meet several requirements, including a continuous residence in the UK for a specific period (usually five years), passing the Life in the UK test, and having no serious criminal record.

One significant advantage of ILR is that you can maintain your original nationality while living in the UK. This is particularly beneficial if your home country does not permit dual citizenship.

British Passport

A British passport is a step beyond ILR. It signifies British citizenship and offers several additional benefits. To apply for a British passport, you first need to have held ILR status and meet further criteria, including a residency requirement and passing the British citizenship test.

Holding a British passport grants you visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 188 countries, making international travel much easier and more accessible. It also allows you to work in the UK and other countries without needing a work permit, vote in all UK elections, and apply for a job in the British government.

Comparing ILR and British Passport

While both ILR and a British passport offer the ability to live and work in the UK, the passport goes a step further by providing full citizenship benefits, such as voting rights and easier travel. However, obtaining a British passport might require relinquishing your original nationality, depending on your home country’s laws on dual citizenship.


Q1: Can I travel with ILR?

  • Yes, you can travel with ILR, but you must not stay outside the UK for extended periods (generally more than two years), as this may lead to the loss of ILR status.

Q2: How long does it take to convert ILR to a British passport?

  • After obtaining ILR, you must typically wait one year before applying for British citizenship, provided you meet all other eligibility criteria.

Q3: Can I hold both an ILR and a British passport?

  • Yes, you can hold both if you transition from ILR to obtaining a British passport. However, once you become a British citizen, the ILR status becomes redundant.

Q4: Do I lose my original nationality when I get a British passport?

  • This depends on the laws of your home country. Some countries do not allow dual citizenship and require you to renounce your original nationality when you become a British citizen.

Q5: What public benefits can I access with ILR?

  • With ILR, you have access to public funds and services, such as healthcare, education, and social security benefits, similar to a British citizen.

Understanding the differences between ILR and a British passport can significantly impact your decision-making process regarding long-term residency and citizenship in the UK. Each has its benefits and limitations, depending on your personal circumstances and future plans.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

Updated 10-Year Long Residence ILR Rules in the UK 2024

These Set Of People CANNOT Get A Skilled Worker Visa Unfortunately In The Uk | Uk New Rules